Phoenix Lander in Springtime
Phoenix Lander in Springtime
ESP_016160_2485  Science Theme: Glacial/Periglacial Processes
With early spring at the Phoenix landing site comes the progressive sublimation of the carbon dioxide frost that has blanketed the lander and surrounding terrain throughout the winter.

During the long polar-winter night atmospheric carbon dioxide freezes onto the surface building up a layer of frost roughly 30 centimeters (about one foot) thick. In the spring this frost returns to atmosphere gas (sublimates) over the course of several months. This image, part of a seasonal frost monitoring sequence, shows some areas of bare ground are beginning to be exposed. However, extensive frost patches remain in the topographic lows, such as the troughs of the local polygonally patterned surface.

The solar arrays on the lander were clearly discernable from their distinctive bluish color in HiRISE images acquired last Martian northern summer. The enhanced color subimage has green boxes around the backshell (top), heat shield, and lander (bottom). They are not discernable in this new image, probably because the patchy frost effectively camouflages them. (For a comparison, see PSP_008855_2485, particuarly the subimage there.)

Even when the frost has completely sublimated, dust deposited during the winter may obscure them. The parachute attached to the backshell is also not apparent in this image, and we'll see if it reappears in later images. Also gone are the dark halos around the lander, backshell, and heat shield, again due to seasonal frost and/or dust. This and future images will help calibrate expectations for finding the Mars Polar Lander hardware which encountered Mars in 1999.

Written by: Alfred McEwen and Mike Mellon  (13 January 2010)

Acquisition date
06 January 2010

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
311.9 km (193.8 miles)

Original image scale range
31.4 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~94 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
59°, with the Sun about 31° above the horizon

Solar longitude
34.2°, Northern Spring

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  100°
Sub-solar azimuth:  318.6°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.