Merging Lobate Debris Aprons of Deuteronilus Mensae
Merging Lobate Debris Aprons of Deuteronilus Mensae
PSP_009535_2240  Science Theme: Glacial/Periglacial Processes
This image lies within the Deuteronilus Mensae region, located on the northern edge of Arabia Terra and borders the high-standing, heavily cratered Southern Hemisphere and the low, relatively uncratered, plains of the Northern Hemisphere of Mars.

Deuteronilus Mensae is characterized by hills and mesas surrounded by broad debris aprons and this HiRISE image shows examples where lobate-shaped debris aprons appear to overlap.

There is zone of ridges that formed in an area where lobate debris aprons merged from different directions. A current hypothesis is that these ridges are expressions of compressional deformation between two lobes acting like a viscous fluid. One possibility, given the high latitude of the occurrence, is that the lobes of debris are ice-rich and flow somewhat like glaciers.

Recent results from the SHAllow RADar (SHARAD) instrument, also onboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, indicate that lobate debris aprons in Deuteronilus Mensae are composed of material dominated by ice (Plaut et al., 2008). This supports the interpretation that these might be potential debris-covered glaciers or rock glaciers.

Some of the detailed textures on the surface of the debris aprons are commonly believed to be the result of ice loss due to sublimation (ice changing into water vapor). On Earth, debris-covered glaciers/rock glaciers typically develop wrinkles and fractures due to stresses in the ice as it flows. Where flows merge, they can buckle and push up ridges producing features similar to those visible here.

Written by: Maria Banks  (1 October 2008)

This is a stereo pair with PSP_008744_2240.
Acquisition date
08 August 2008

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
300.8 km (186.9 miles)

Original image scale range
31.4 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~94 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

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Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
44°, with the Sun about 46° above the horizon

Solar longitude
109.8°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  98°
Sub-solar azimuth:  354.6°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.