Cratered Cones in Isidis Planitia
Cratered Cones in Isidis Planitia
PSP_009177_1985  Science Theme: Rocks and Regolith
This image shows part of a broad field of cratered cones in the Isidis Planitia region of Mars. The cones occur over a wide area and are commonly aligned in chains, like those here.

The cratered-cone morphology suggests formation by eruption of some material. The cones resemble small volcanoes on Earth called cinder cones, and are approximately the same size. Another possibility is that these are mud volcanoes, formed by eruption of wet, pressurized mud. This has been suggested as an important process in some parts of Mars. The aligned chains probably indicate sites of weakness, perhaps faults, where lava or mud could preferentially rise.

The scene is relatively bland in color, but this could be due to a thin coating of dust veiling color differences. The cones are clearly not very young or pristine; they have a battered, pitted appearance. However, they have not been heavily eroded, as features like the cone rims are still sharp in most cases. This state is typical of the cones in Isidis region.

Written by: Colin Dundas  (20 August 2008)

This is a stereo pair with PSP_008887_1985.
Acquisition date
11 July 2008

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
282.9 km (175.9 miles)

Original image scale range
28.7 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~86 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

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Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
46°, with the Sun about 44° above the horizon

Solar longitude
97.2°, Northern Summer

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North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  23.5°
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NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.