Layered Rock in Noctis Labyrinthus
Layered Rock in Noctis Labyrinthus
PSP_006745_1715  Science Theme: Tectonic Processes
This scene is the floor of a trough in Noctis Labryinthus, a region of chaotic terrain located between the Tharsis Rise and Valles Marineris.

Its eastern extent leads into the start of Valles Marineris, a canyon that is about as wide as the continental United States. The trough has a depression that contains dunes and exposed layers. It is possible that the wind is sculpting out the depression and revealing the layers or it could be continued cracking and pulling apart of the ground.

These layers might be the same as those seen in the canyons of Valles Marineris; their origin is currently unresolved.

Written by: Kelly Kolb  (7 May 2008)
Acquisition date
04 January 2008

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
257.0 km (159.7 miles)

Original image scale range
25.7 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~77 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
40°, with the Sun about 50° above the horizon

Solar longitude
12.4°, Northern Spring

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  23.6°
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
map projected  non-map

Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
map projected

RGB color
non-map projected

Black and white
map-projected   (549MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (248MB)

Black and white
map-projected  (238MB)
non-map           (332MB)

IRB color
map projected  (78MB)
non-map           (253MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (140MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (144MB)

RGB color
non map           (250MB)
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products

IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.