Impact Crater Cut by Ganges Chasma
Impact Crater Cut by Ganges Chasma
PSP_005543_1725  Science Theme: Mass Wasting Processes
The parial circular or ringed structure in the middle of this scene is an impact crater, approximately 3.25 kilometers (approx. 2 miles) in diameter.

Since its formation, the crater has had its southern half cut away by the formation of the gorge, called Ganges Chasma. The resulting exposure of rocks along the rim of the cliff allows planetary geologists to study a cut-away, side-view of layered rocks. This view is particularly interesting here because the rock layers of the upper plains are visible in their original form outside of the crater, and in modified form within/beneath the crater, along with structures imparted by the impact.

The floor of the crater may have been filled by lavas or other material that is more resistant to erosion than the surrounding layers, since the floor of the crater sticks out into the chasma.

Written by: Ross A. Beyer  (17 October 2007)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_011595_1725.
Acquisition date
02 October 2007

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
263.2 km (163.6 miles)

Original image scale range
26.4 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~79 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
34°, with the Sun about 56° above the horizon

Solar longitude
323.9°, Northern Winter

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  351.5°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.