Crater with Wind Streak
Crater with Wind Streak
PSP_005375_1675  Science Theme: Impact Processes
This image shows a crater with a wind streak in the southwest Tharsis region.

The crater is a relatively pristine one that has not experienced extensive modification as seen by the existence of its steep slopes and raised rims. However, it has gone through some changes, such as the small crater on its south rim and the dunes on its floor.

The wind streak to the left of the crater indicates that the wind was coming from the northeast/east direction(the right of the image) when this crater formed. The wind caused the crater’s ejecta to be deposited in the downwind direction. The crater in the middle of the wind streak (see subimage, approximately 350 meters across), existed before the crater with the wind streak formed. There is a thin veneer of the larger crater’s ejecta on top of the smaller crater; also, there are ejecta blocks from the large crater’s impact visible on top of the smaller crater.

It is unknown what makes the wind streak two-toned with a darker halo surrounding the brighter interior. It is possible that the particles in the wind streak have different average sizes and that light scattering makes one set of particles appear brighter.

Written by: Kelly Kolb  (24 October 2007)
Acquisition date
19 September 2007

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
258.9 km (160.9 miles)

Original image scale range
26.2 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~79 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
33°, with the Sun about 57° above the horizon

Solar longitude
316.4°, Northern Winter

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  353.0°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.