Two Young Craters
Two Young Craters
ESP_063947_2310  Science Theme: Geologic Contacts/Stratigraphy
This image caught two different targets at once! In the top (northern) part there is a geologically-young crater about 300 meters in diameter, with rocky ejecta. The crater looks very fresh and steep and is not buried or filled in with the smooth deposits that cover the region. Craters like this tell us what is in the shallow subsurface and are very valuable for understanding the geology.

In the bottom (southern) part is a smaller crater, only about 15 meters across. This one is even younger, having formed between 2008 and 2010, when it was detected by MRO’s Context Camera. The smaller crater exposed subsurface ice, and HiRISE has been re-imaging it to see how it changes as the ice slowly sublimates away. Compare this image to ESP_017926_2310 to see what has happened in the last decade!

Written by: HiRISE Science Team (narration: Tre Gibbs)  (13 April 2020)
Acquisition date
18 March 2020

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
301.1 km (187.1 miles)

Original image scale range
30.3 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~91 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
64°, with the Sun about 26° above the horizon

Solar longitude
168.2°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  338.3°
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
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Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
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RGB color
non-map projected

Black and white
map-projected   (493MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (656MB)

Black and white
map-projected  (278MB)
non-map           (228MB)

IRB color
map projected  (210MB)
non-map           (405MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (165MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (156MB)

RGB color
non map           (397MB)
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products

IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.