Search for the Mars 2 Debris Field
NASA/JPL/UArizona
Search for the Mars 2 Debris Field
ESP_037371_1350  Science Theme: Future Exploration/Landing Sites
Despite the recent successes of missions landing on Mars, like the Mars Science Laboratory (Curiosity) or the arrival of new satellites, such as India's MOM orbiter, the Red Planet is also a graveyard of failed missions.

The Soviet Mars 2 lander was the first man-made object to touch the surface of the Red Planet when it crashed landed on 27 November 1971. It is believed that the descent stage malfunctioned after the lander entered the atmosphere at too steep an angle. Attempts to contact the probe after the crash were unsuccessful.

HiRISE acquired this image to aid in the search for the missing lander. If the Mars 2 debris field is found it could serve as a future landing location for a mission to study the effects of crash landing on the Martian surface and effects of aging on man-made objects.

This caption is based on the original science rationale. To date, the debris field has not been located, but this spot was noted as a probably location for the Mars 3 lander.

Written by: HiRISE Science Team  (29 October 2014)
 
Acquisition date
17 July 2014

Local Mars time
15:53

Latitude (centered)
-44.810°

Longitude (East)
47.546°

Spacecraft altitude
256.4 km (159.4 miles)

Original image scale range
25.7 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~77 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection
Equirectangular

Emission angle
0.3°

Phase angle
73.9°

Solar incidence angle
74°, with the Sun about 16° above the horizon

Solar longitude
162.9°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  34.3°
JPEG
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
map projected  non-map

Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
map projected

RGB color
non-map projected

JP2
Black and white
map-projected   (1023MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (539MB)

JP2 EXTRAS
Black and white
map-projected  (353MB)
non-map           (565MB)

IRB color
map projected  (144MB)
non-map           (529MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (246MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (251MB)

RGB color
non map           (520MB)
BONUS (MP4)
HiClip mini HD

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products
HiView

NB
IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

USAGE POLICY
All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

POSTSCRIPT
NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.