Bright Crater Gully Deposits in Terra Cimmeria
Bright Crater Gully Deposits in Terra Cimmeria
ESP_019935_1380  Science Theme: Seasonal Processes
Some of the most ancient terrains of the Southern highlands of Mars comprise the Terra Cimmeria region, the location of this five-kilometer diameter impact crater.

Despite being part of an ancient landscape, the inner walls of this crater are dissected by apparently fresh gullies. Determining whether these gullies are indeed young (a few years or decades old) or are simply young from a geologic perspective (tens of thousands of years old) is one of the goals of the HiRISE team. HiRISE has been monitoring several locations to determine whether changes are seen in gullies such as these that exhibit associated bright (or dark) deposits. Changes in the extent or pattern of these deposits may indicate that gully forming processes are still occurring today.

Particularly notable bright deposits are located along the lower portions of some gully systems on the Eastern slope of the crater wall. Bright deposits line the floors and walls of the downslope portions of the gully systems and extend out into the terminal debris fans. In the most prominent system, a second fainter bright terminal debris fan lobe can be seen further downslope which may record an earlier period of gully activity. As these gullies demonstrate, Mars records a rich history of landforms likely resulting from water repeatedly flowing, flooding and eroding its surface.

Written by: Ginny Gulick  (1 December 2010)
Acquisition date
27 October 2010

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
252.8 km (157.1 miles)

Original image scale range
50.7 cm/pixel (with 2 x 2 binning) so objects ~152 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
50 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
69°, with the Sun about 21° above the horizon

Solar longitude
171.2°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  32.1°
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
map projected  non-map

Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
map projected

RGB color
non-map projected

Black and white
map-projected   (350MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (167MB)

Black and white
map-projected  (160MB)
non-map           (231MB)

IRB color
map projected  (72MB)
non-map           (205MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (370MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (338MB)

RGB color
non map           (189MB)
B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products

IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.