Layering in Central Candor Chasma
Layering in Central Candor Chasma
ESP_019732_1750  Science Theme: Tectonic Processes
This HiRISE image shows faulted layered deposits in a part of Valles Marineris called Candor Chasma.

Often faults cut through the layered material in this area, indicating that the rocks underwent stress causing them to crack and shift in position after they were deposited.

This area also has a high abundance of hematite. Hematite is a mineral that can precipitate out of water, so its presence on Mars is of special interest for understanding the distant past.

This caption is based on the original science rationale.

Written by: HiRISE Science Team  (29 November 2010)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_025112_1750.
Acquisition date
12 October 2010

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
265.4 km (165.0 miles)

Original image scale range
27.5 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~83 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
55°, with the Sun about 35° above the horizon

Solar longitude
162.6°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  95°
Sub-solar azimuth:  18.7°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.