Uplift in Oudemans Crater
Uplift in Oudemans Crater
ESP_011966_1700  Science Theme: Geologic Contacts/Stratigraphy
In this image, which is located to the east of the central peak of Oudemans Crater but along its floor, numerous hills are visible. The cutout reveals layered rocks in the hills that are tilted so that they stand almost vertically. The rocks were originally laid down horizontally so the force and uplift during formation of the crater peaks caused sections of the rocks to be broken apart and rotated.

Light-toned layering is visible in the central peak that represents material brought up from substantial depth (greater than 6 kilometers) and provide evidence for older deposits buried beneath the lava flows of the Hesperian-aged plains.

Oudemans Crater is about 120 kilometers in diameter and it is located in western Valles Marineris just to the south of Noctis Labyrinthus.

Written by: Cathy Weitz  (9 March 2009)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_012467_1700.
Acquisition date
13 February 2009

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
258.6 km (160.7 miles)

Original image scale range
25.9 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~78 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
56°, with the Sun about 34° above the horizon

Solar longitude
209.4°, Northern Autumn

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  357.1°
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Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
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NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.