Crater in Meridiani Planum with Layering
Crater in Meridiani Planum with Layering
ESP_011277_1825  Science Theme: Sedimentary/Layering Processes
This image shows layered sedimentary rocks and ripples that fill and surround an impact crater in Meridiani Planum. These layered deposits may have formed through the accumulation of sediment that were transported into this crater by blowing wind or flowing water.

The crater interior contains a sequence of layers that are remnants of the material that originally filled in the crater. These sediments form an extensive deposit that once covered the floor of the surrounding region.

Written by: Jennifer Griffes  (11 February 2009)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_011910_1825.
Acquisition date
22 December 2008

Local Mars time

Latitude (centered)

Longitude (East)

Spacecraft altitude
270.1 km (167.8 miles)

Original image scale range
27.1 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~81 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection

Emission angle

Phase angle

Solar incidence angle
57°, with the Sun about 33° above the horizon

Solar longitude
178.0°, Northern Summer

For non-map projected images
North azimuth:  97°
Sub-solar azimuth:  4.7°
Black and white
map projected  non-map

IRB color
map projected  non-map

Merged IRB
map projected

Merged RGB
map projected

RGB color
non-map projected

Black and white
map-projected   (1416MB)

IRB color
map-projected   (597MB)

Black and white
map-projected  (715MB)
non-map           (811MB)

IRB color
map projected  (281MB)
non-map           (613MB)

Merged IRB
map projected  (344MB)

Merged RGB
map-projected  (330MB)

RGB color
non map           (592MB)
Map-projected, reduced-resolution
Full resolution JP2 download
Anaglyph details page

B&W label
Color label
Merged IRB label
Merged RGB label
EDR products

IRB: infrared-red-blue
RGB: red-green-blue
About color products (PDF)

Black & white is 5 km across; enhanced color about 1 km
For scale, use JPEG/JP2 black & white map-projected images

All of the images produced by HiRISE and accessible on this site are within the public domain: there are no restrictions on their usage by anyone in the public, including news or science organizations. We do ask for a credit line where possible:
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate, Washington. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona.