A Circular Crack
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

A Circular Crack
ESP_029362_1795  Science Theme: Tectonic Processes
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This circular crack is very odd-looking. When you zoom in to HiRISE scale, the crack looks a lot like a graben.

Canyonlands, Utah is a great place to see grabens on Earth. Grabens form when solid rock is pulled apart. Two cracks form at distinctive angles, and the material between the cracks collapses downward, forming a straight-walled canyon. Well, they're usually straight-walled, but this one is circular, which is unusual.

The first thing anyone thinks of when they see circular features on Mars is a crater. So one hypothesis about how this formed is that an ancient crater was buried by some material, maybe lava or even multiple layers of wet sediments. Because the center of the crater was deeper, more material settled there, and the high-standing rim was only thinly covered. The mantling material solidified and shrank, creating extensional forces.

The heavy central fill pulled downward, cracking the material at the rim where it was thinnest. That's just one guess, though - what else do you think could it be?

References
Buczkowski, D. L. and M. L. Cooke, 2004. Formation of double-ring circular grabens due to volumetric compaction over buried impact craters: Implications for thickness and nature of cover material in Utopia Planitia, Mars, J. Geophys. Res., 109, E02006, doi:10.1029/2003JE002144.

McGill, G. E., 1986. The giant polygons of Utopia, Northern Martian Plains GeoRL 13, 705-708. DOI:10.1029/GL013i008p00705

Written by: Ingrid Daubar   (12 December 2012)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_029217_1795.



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Acquisition date:31 October 2012 Local Mars time: 3:35 PM
Latitude (centered):-0.454° Longitude (East):180.836°
Range to target site:273.2 km (170.7 miles)Original image scale range:27.3 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~82 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:25 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:5.9° Phase angle:60.1°
Solar incidence angle:54°, with the Sun about 36° above the horizon Solar longitude:198.4°, Northern Autumn
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North azimuth:97° Sub-solar azimuth:355.9°
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For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit: http://www.nasa.gov. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the project and built the spacecraft. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona. The image data were processed using the U.S. Geological Survey’s ISIS3 software.