Newly-Formed Slope Streaks
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Newly-Formed Slope Streaks
PSP_002396_1900  Science Theme: Mass Wasting Processes

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This observation features three newly-formed slope streaks. These are features which occur on crater walls, hills, and other slopes on Mars.

They always begin at a point source and widen downslope, sometimes weaving around existing topographic features (such as dunes or craters), but other times they flow over them. Many slope streaks do not show topographic relief in available images, and there are no observable deposits of displaced materials surrounding their borders.

In general, slope streaks tend to be many hundreds of meters long and less than 200 meters wide. They are observed in varying shades of darkness, where lighter-toned streaks appear to be older than darker ones. The formation mechanism responsible for slope streaks is still under debate; theories range from dry dust avalanches (most widely-accepted theory) to briney water seepage.

Slope streak formation is among the few surface processes known to be currently active on Mars, making slope streaks some of the youngest features on Mars. A comparison of this HiRISE image with MOC image E04-01817 shows that three new slope streaks have formed during the six years separating these images (2001 - 2007). The shortest time frame in which new slope streaks have been observed to form is six months (MOC images SP2-37303 and E02-02379), though it is not yet known how long it actually takes for a slope streak to form.

MOC image E04-01817 courtesy of NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems.
Written by: Tahirih Motazedian   (28 April 2010)

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Acquisition date
30 January 2007

Local Mars time:
15:40

Latitude (centered)
10.056°

Longitude (East)
193.229°

Range to target site
278.7 km (174.2 miles)

Original image scale range
55.8 cm/pixel (with 2 x 2 binning) so objects ~167 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
50 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection
Equirectangular

Emission angle:
3.7°

Phase angle:
51.7°

Solar incidence angle
55°, with the Sun about 35° above the horizon

Solar longitude
175.2°, Northern Summer

North azimuth:
97°

Sub-solar azimuth:
1.6°
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Postscript
For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit: http://www.nasa.gov. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the project and built the spacecraft. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona. The image data were processed using the U.S. Geological Survey’s ISIS3 software.