Jarosite in Noctis Labyrinthus
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Jarosite in Noctis Labyrinthus
ESP_043719_1725  Science Theme: Sedimentary/Layering Processes

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This image shows the western side of an elongated pit depression in eastern Noctis Labyrinthus. Along the pit’s upper wall is a light-toned layered deposit.

CRISM spectra extracted from the light-toned deposit are consistent with the mineral jarosite, which is a potassium and iron hydrous sulfate. On Earth, jarosite can form in ore deposits or from alteration near volcanic vents, and indicates an oxidizing and acidic environment. The Opportunity rover discovered jarosite at the Meridiani Planum landing site, and jarosite has been found at several other locations on Mars, indicating that it is a common mineral on the Red Planet.

The jarosite-bearing deposit observed here could indicate acidic aqueous conditions within a volcanic system in Noctis Labyrinthus. Above the light-toned jarosite deposit is a mantle of finely layered darker-toned material. CRISM spectra do not indicate this upper darker-toned mantle is hydrated. The deposit appears to drape over the pre-existing topography, suggesting it represents an airfall deposit from either atmospheric dust or volcanic ash.

Written by: Cathy Weitz (audio: Tre Gibbs)   (27 January 2016)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_043363_1725.

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Acquisition date:24 November 2015 Local Mars time:15:07
Latitude (centered):-7.643° Longitude (East):267.109°
Range to target site:266.8 km (166.8 miles)Original image scale range:26.7 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~80 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:25 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:12.6° Phase angle:47.0°
Solar incidence angle:56°, with the Sun about 34° above the horizon Solar longitude:72.5°, Northern Spring

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