Sinuous Ridges and Meanders
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona

Sinuous Ridges and Meanders
ESP_034189_1740  Science Theme: Fluvial Processes
Icelandic


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These ridges are thought to be old river channels, but wind erosion has created inverted topography. What was low (the channel bottoms) was more resistant to erosion, so now it is relatively high.

In a closeup image, we see a cutoff meander. This forms as a river cuts its outer bank and curves more and more, until it decides to take a “short-cut.” The abandoned channel may have formed an oxbow lake, when water was present. This type of river system forms slowly over time, unlike the catastrophic flood channels seen elsewhere on Mars.

Be sure to look at the stereo anaglyph with red-green glasses at full resolution.

Written by: Alfred McEwen   (29 January 2014)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_034044_1740.



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Acquisition date:11 November 2013 Local Mars time: 2:50 PM
Latitude (centered):-6.041° Longitude (East):153.636°
Range to target site:284.4 km (177.7 miles)Original image scale range:56.9 cm/pixel (with 2 x 2 binning) so objects ~171 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:50 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:20.8° Phase angle:66.0°
Solar incidence angle:49°, with the Sun about 41° above the horizon Solar longitude:48.1°, Northern Spring
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North azimuth:96° Sub-solar azimuth:39.2°
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North azimuth:270°Sub solar azimuth:211.1°

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For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit: http://www.nasa.gov. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the project and built the spacecraft. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona. The image data were processed using the U.S. Geological Survey’s ISIS3 software.