Gullied Crater in the Martian Tropics
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Gullied Crater in the Martian Tropics
ESP_020715_1780  Science Theme: Impact Processes
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Gullies are ubiquitous on steep slopes in the middle latitudes of Mars, but there are gullies in the equatorial band as well.

The equatorial gullies, however, have not shown any hints of current activity, unlike the middle-latitude gullies that are forming and growing in the wintertime when carbon dioxide frost is present. Also, the equatorial gully fans have steeper slopes than many of those in the middle latitudes.

Equatorial gullies are especially common on the steep inner slopes of relatively recent impact craters larger than a few kilometers in diameter. These gullies may form very quickly after crater formation, when slopes are particularly unstable, and there could be melting of previously buried ice. Impact melt (melted rock, that is) could also contribute to formation of gully-like morphologies, as seen on the Moon.

Unfortunately there are gaps in the new image, data lost during transmission from Mars to Earth.

Written by: Alfred McEwen   (3 February 2011)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_014412_1780.

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Acquisition date:27 December 2010 Local Mars time:15:33
Latitude (centered):-2.065° Longitude (East):88.910°
Range to target site:271.4 km (169.6 miles)Original image scale range:27.2 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~81 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:25 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:12.7° Phase angle:66.4°
Solar incidence angle:54°, with the Sun about 36° above the horizon Solar longitude:206.2°, Northern Autumn

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