Layering in Central Candor Chasma
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Layering in Central Candor Chasma
ESP_019732_1750  Science Theme: Tectonic Processes
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This HiRISE image shows faulted layered deposits in a part of Valles Marineris called Candor Chasma.

Often faults cut through the layered material in this area, indicating that the rocks underwent stress causing them to crack and shift in position after they were deposited.

This area also has a high abundance of hematite. Hematite is a mineral that can precipitate out of water, so its presence on Mars is of special interest for understanding the distant past.

This caption is based on the original science rationale.

Written by: HiRISE Science Team   (14 December 2011)

This is a stereo pair with ESP_025112_1750.

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Acquisition date:12 October 2010 Local Mars time:15:33
Latitude (centered):-5.175° Longitude (East):286.116°
Range to target site:275.3 km (172.1 miles)Original image scale range:27.5 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~83 cm across are resolved
Map projected scale:25 cm/pixel and North is upMap projection:Equirectangular
Emission angle:15.8° Phase angle:69.6°
Solar incidence angle:55°, with the Sun about 35° above the horizon Solar longitude:162.6°, Northern Summer

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For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit: NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the project and built the spacecraft. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona. The image data were processed using the U.S. Geological Survey’s ISIS3 software.