Layering at Ganges Chasma
NASA/JPL/University of Arizona
Layering at Ganges Chasma
ESP_011292_1720  Science Theme: Sedimentary/Layering Processes
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This image shows the geologic contact between the walls of Ganges Chasma and the adjacent plains. Ganges Chasma is one of several deep troughs that make up the Valles Marineris system on Mars.

The upper slopes of the walls of Ganges have layering that appears dark, rough, and blocky, consistent with lava flows that are thought to make up the plains around Valles Marineris. Outside of Ganges on the plains is an unusual deposit that appears bright and is eroding back from the walls of Ganges, indicating the deposit isn't as resistant to erosion by the wind as the underlying lava flows.

The bright deposit is mantled by aeolian debris and dust, but along cliffs where erosion has exposed fresher surfaces, one can see meter-scale layering that appears smoother and brighter than the layering visible in the underlying lava flows. Some scientists interpret the layers in this deposit to be sediments laid down by water activity from a channel system located to the west, but explosive volcanism and aeolian airfall can also produce this fine-scale layering.

Written by: Cathy Weitz   (4 February 2009)

This is a stereo pair with PSP_005939_1720.

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Acquisition date
23 December 2008

Local Mars time:
15:42

Latitude (centered)
-8.083°

Longitude (East)
307.489°

Range to target site
286.8 km (179.3 miles)

Original image scale range
28.7 cm/pixel (with 1 x 1 binning) so objects ~86 cm across are resolved

Map projected scale
25 cm/pixel and North is up

Map projection
Equirectangular

Emission angle:
25.5°

Phase angle:
81.1°

Solar incidence angle
56°, with the Sun about 34° above the horizon

Solar longitude
178.7°, Northern Summer

North azimuth:
97°

Sub-solar azimuth:
11.3°
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Postscript
For information about NASA and agency programs on the Web, visit: http://www.nasa.gov. NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, Calif., manages the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter for NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington. Lockheed Martin Space Systems is the prime contractor for the project and built the spacecraft. The HiRISE camera was built by Ball Aerospace and Technology Corporation and is operated by the University of Arizona. The image data were processed using the U.S. Geological Survey’s ISIS3 software.